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 Flori » Blog Archive » Anthurium

Anthurium

Denumiri comune: Floarea Flamingo

Familie: Araceae

Origine:Columbia, Ecuador, Brazilia, America Centrala si de Sud

Aspect si prezentare: Planta perena, avand radacini sub forma de rizomi si frunze de cca 30 cm lungime, lanceolate sau cordiforme, la capatul unor petioluri lungi si viguroase, Anthurium, cucereste prin florile sale deosebite, de forma unor spate carnoase, de culoare alba, rosie sau roz, de 10-15 cm diametru, decorate cu un spadice central, spiralat (sub forma de tirbuson) si aspect punctat.
Conditii de ingrijire/cultivare: In ultimii ani a capatat un loc important in colectiile pasionatilor din tara noastra, datorita numarului mare de hibrizi aparuti, care sunt bine adaptati la conditiile noastre climaterice.
Are nevoie de luminaintensa pentru a inflori, dar pe timpul verii se va feri de razele directe ale soarelui, care-i pot arde florile si frunzele. Iarna se poate tine chiar pe pervaz, lumina primita in perioada rece o ajuta sa produca flori in mod neintrerupt.
Nu tolereaza arsita, caldura in exces afectand-o in sensul ofilirii rapide a florilor si brunificarii frunzelor. O temperatura considerata propice pentru cultivarea Florii Flamingotrebuie sa se situeze intre 18 si 25 grade Celsius. Peste limita superioara a acesti temperaturi planta necesita pulverizari dese cu apa la temperatura camerei, dar numai pe fata superioara a frunzelor.
Umiditatea atmosferica ridicata o va ajuta sa suporte mai usor caldura excedentara.
Ii place foarte mult apa in intervalul iunie-august, cand necesita o udare la fiecare 3 zile, primavara si toamna udati-o saptamanal si doar daca pamantul s-a uscat un pic la suprafata. Iarna udarile se vor face cu parcimonie, excesul de umezeala din sol, riscand putrezirea rapida a radacinilor.
Anthurium este una din acele plante de interior, pentru care fertilizarea joaca un rol important. Adminsitrarea, in perioada de vegetatie (din aprilie pana in octombrie), a unui ingrasamant lichid pentru plante acidofile, se va observa prin cresterea numarului de flori si a bogatiei frunzisului format.
Inflorirea poate avea loc tot timpul anului, daca ii sunt indeplinite conditiile de lumina si caldura si daca dispune de suficiente substante nutritive in substrat. Unele exemplare sunt trecute iarna, printr-un usor repaus, timp in care sunt tinute la temperaturi scazute, in jur de 14?16 grade Celsius si se stopeaza administrarea de fertilizanti.
Anthurium se inmulteste numai prin separarea tufelor. Aceasta operatiune se face primavara, o data cu schimbarea substratului. Puii detasati de langa planta matura, se planteaza in recipiente mici, in substrat pe baza de turba.
Desi teoretic se poate propaga si prin seminte, datorita dificultatii sale, aceasta metoda este rezervata in fapt numai specialistilor sau celor experimentati.

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