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 Flori » Q.R.S.T
Jul 3
Tillandsia Cyanea
icon1 Flori | icon2 Q.R.S.T | icon4 07 3rd, 2008| icon3No Comments »

Denumire populara: tillandsia, pana roz
Familie: Bromeliaceae
Origine: Ecuador
Inaltime: 30 - 35 cm
Diametru: pana la 36 cm
Sol: grunjos, usor drenabil, acid; pH 5.5 - 6.5, umiditate medie
Perioada de inflorire:primavara, toamna, iarna
Culoarea florilor: roz, violet, albastru
Tillandsia cyanea poate fi descrisa pe scurt ca un bulgare de frunze verzi din mijlocul caruia tasneste o floare ostentativa, care iese in evidenta prin frumusetea si forma ei ciudata. Florile apar la sfarsitul primaverii sau toamna si de obicei dureaza cateva luni. Inflorescentele au forma unui pampon turtit; in realitate, ele sunt formate din bractee roz din care ies flori mai mici, albastre, cate 1-2 odata.Ingrijire si cultivare
Tillandsia cyanea prefera lumina puternica, dar indirecta. Are nevoie de o temperaturi medii, 10-18 . Se planteaza intr-un amestec de compost afanat, usor drenabil, realizat din 2 parti turba, 1 parte pamant lutos si 1 parte nisip sau perlita. Amestecul de pamant trebuie sa fie mentinut umed in continuu, dar nu uitati ca apa in exces dauneaza radacinilor. Tratati tillandsia cu o substanta fertilizatoare echilibrata, diluata la jumatate din concentratie (respectati instructiunile de pe ambalaj).Pamantul se uda zilnic, pentru a fi mereu umed.De asemenea, foliajul se stropeste cu apa, mai ales in zilele cu temperaturi ridicate
Inmultire:
Tillandsia cyanea se inmultesc prin divizare sau prin seminte. Divizarea plantei se poate face in orice perioada a anului. Semintele germineaza daca sunt asezate intr-un amestec de turba cu pietris, si se mentin la 18 C; semintele au nevoie de lumina pentru a germina.
Dupa ce infloreste, planta va muri si va produce lastari tineri, care pot fi indepartati de planta-mama si plantati separat. In 2-3 ani, acestia vor inflori.
Boli si daunatori
Tillandsia nu prea este atacata de daunatori. Cosenilele sunt printre cele cateva insecte care pot pune probleme. Acestia se pot tine sub control cu o solutie de apa amestecata cu sapun sau cu o solutie din comert, caz in care se administreaza conform instructiunilor de pe ambalaj.

Jul 3
Schlumbergera
icon1 Flori | icon2 Q.R.S.T | icon4 07 3rd, 2008| icon3No Comments »

Familie:Cactaceae
Origine:sud-estul Braziliei
Inaltime: 30 cm
Diametru: 30 cm
Expunere: partial umbra si plin soare
Pamant: uscat, nisipos, usor drenabil
Udare: acest tip de cactus necesita umezeala pe toata perioada anului.
Descriere:

In Brazilia, unde este habitatul sau natural, Schlumbergera sau Craciunita creste in padurile tropicale, in tufe mari. Este cultivata pentru frumusetea florilor sale tubulare de culori stralucitoare, care apar de obicei in preajma Craciunului.
Ingrijire:
Ca si alte specii de cactusi de jungla, schlumbergera nu trebuie niciodata expusa in plin soare pe perioada de vara. Plasata la o fereastra partial umbrita, unde sa primeasca o cantitate medie de lumina, este locul ideal pe timp de primavara, vara si toamna. Iarna poate fi lasata la soare, pentru ca razele slabe nu ii vor face rau.